A small study did not find any evidence that wolves or dogs could form reputations of humans like “generous” or “selfish” with food, After direct or indirect interactions. Hoi-flash Jim and his colleagues from the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna, Austria, present the results in the Revue en Libre Plos One Particular Le 17 August 2022.
Among animals that live in groups, the development of the reputation of individuals can play a vital role in cooperation. Because dogs can cooperate with humans, some researchers have hypothesized that dogs can build a reputation as individual humans by observing humans’ interactions with a third party. However, research on the subject has produced mixed results. Also, if dogs do indeed have this ability, it’s unclear if it evolved during domestication or if it was already present in their wolf ancestors.
To help clarify , Jim and his colleagues conducted a study with nine wolves and 6 dogs at Wolf Science Middle in Austria. Each check animal has observed interactions between two humans and a dog, in which the “generous” human has nourished the dog and the human “selfish” has retained food. Next, the test animal demonstrated whether it formed the humans’ reputation by choosing which of the two humans to approach. A second section tested if each animal has forged a reputation after having interacted directly with humans who either fed it or retained from food.
analysis Statistics of the results suggested that neither the dogs nor the wolves have formed the reputation of humans after an indirect observation or a direct conversation. Thus, the results do not support the idea that dogs and wolves are capable of forging a reputation.
however, the wolves have granted Furthermore to attention to the generous human when they observed interactions with a dog. Additionally, two wolves and three dogs showed a preference for the generous human after the combined experience of indirect observation and direct interaction.
The researchers call New research on the subject, perhaps involving a greater number of dogs and wolves, and taking into account the context. For example, some animals may be more likely to gain a reputation in stressful or dangerous scenarios, although it is impossible to test them experimentally for ethical reasons.
The authors add: “On the whole, neither dogs nor wolves could tell the difference between a generous or selfish human after an indirect or direct experience. However, wolves showed more attention towards the generous person during the observation stage, and some dogs and wolves preferred the generous person when looking at the indirect and direct experiences combined.”